The U.S. celebrates this Independence Day amid nationwide protests and calls for systemic reforms. In this short film, five young descendants of Frederick Douglass read and respond to excerpts of his famous speech, "What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?" which asks all of us to consider America's long history of denying equal rights to Black Americans.
The Honorable Minister Louis Farrakhan's July 4, 2020 worldwide address.
The title comes from the Swahili term "Maafa," which means tragedy or disaster and is used to describe the centuries of global oppression of African people during slavery, apartheid and colonial rule, while the number "21" refers to an alleged maafa in the 21st century (though beginning in the 19th), which the film says is the disproportionately high rate of abortion among African Americans.
Blacks' movement in 1960s in spite of all Ku Klux Klan violent actions against them was nonviolently supporters of America as well. Off course in a short period Black Power shifted to violence under leadership of intellectuals like Malcolm X, but still was supporter and fan of America.
In the latter part of nineteenth century, social theories from Ida B. Wells-Barnett were forceful blows against the mainstream White male ideologies of her time. Ida Wells was born on July 16, 1862, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. It was the second year of the Civil War and she was born into a slave family.
During the Atlantic Slave Trade, Afrikans notably sold "a majority" of other captive Afrikans of neighboring ethnic groups. This (1) contributed to the exploitation of the "black" person, which has contributed significantly to modern-day racism and the racism, i.e. slavery and black genocide,
In the early centuries the n-word was used by people to epithet blacks into slavery. The n-word was part of racism in America which had no constitutional amendments for dark skinned people. Furthermore, the n-word was used exclusively by Europeans for demonetization purposes until the late 1960's.
In my family, we often call our fathers and uncles "Baba" which is a Swahili word denoting our ancestral relationship to them and a term of respect. I still remember Baba's red, black and green hat that said "Free Mandela" and his use of the word "Amandla".