Glossary


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A

ABDUCT
take (someone) away illegally by force or deception; kidnap. (see KIDNAP)
A.D.
ADULTERY
sex between a married person and a person who is not his or her spouse.
AFER
A term used by ancient Latin speakers as an adjective, meaning "of Africa". As a substantive, it denoted a native of AfriKa; i.e., an African. Latin speakers at first used AFER as an adjective, meaning "of AfriKa". As a substantive, it denoted a native of AfriKa; i.e., an AfriKan. (See Afri)
AFRI
a Latin term, derived from the term AFER, used to refer the natives of Afrika. In its origins, it was used to refer to natives of all the lands south of the Mediterranean (Ancient Libya). Latin speakers at first used AFER as an adjective, meaning "of AfriKa". As a substantive, it denoted a native of AfriKa; i.e., an AfriKan.
AFROCENTRIC
centered on or promoting emphasis Afrika or African-derived cultures, such as those of Brazil, Cuba, and Haiti, and the contributions of Afrikans to the development of Western civilization.
AMERICAS, THE
refers to both North America, South America, and the Caribbean islands collectively.
AMERICAN INDIAN
a term created and used to refer to the indigenous peoples of North America, Central America, and South America. But it’s more popularly used to refer to the indigenous people of North America.
ANANSI
ANANSI (THE SPIDERMAN) – a character and one of the most popular animal tricksters from Afro-Caribbean folktale that originates from West African, Akan folklore.
ANANSI STORIES – a series of Afro-Caribbean folktales, popular in Jamaica, that originate from West Afrika. They were brought to Jamaica and other parts of the New World by Ashanti (Akan) slaves, during the Atlantic Slave Trade, and were passed through generations orally. Anansi exists as a spider, a man, or a combination of the two. These stories continue to provide a moral foundation for the community.
APPRENTICESHIP

B

BANTU
B.C.
BLACK FACE
BLACK PEOPLE
a term originally used to refer to people with dark skin complexions, generally to people of Sub-Saharan Afrikan ancestry but also to non-Afrikan dark skinned people, such as the Indigenous Australian and the Negrito populations of Thailand and the Philippines.
BLACK VOICE

C

CABOCEERS
CAPOEIRA
a Brazilian Martial Art that combines rhythmic dance motions and fighting techniques. It was originally developed as a fighting system and concealed as dance by enslaved Africans in captivity during Brazil’s slavery era.
C.E.
COFFLE
a line (or train) of animals, prisoners, or slaves chained and driven along together.
COLONIAL ERA
COLONY
a country, region or territory under the political control of another country and or a territory or region occupied by settlers from that country or another foreign land.
CONSPIRACY
CREOLE
CAFUZO
a term used by the Portuguese Empire, and occasionally today, to identify individuals in the Americas who are of mixed African and Amerindian ancestry. It is the Portuguese form of the Spanish term ZAMBO.

D

DUKA
“Duka” is a Kiswahili word that means ‘Store’ in English.
DUPPY

E

ENFRANCHISEMENT
ETHNIC GROUP
a community or population of people who share a common cultural background or descent, such as language, history, culture or place of origin. (Also called ETHNICITY)

F

FOLKLORE
the traditional beliefs, customs, and stories of a community, passed through the generations by word of mouth.
FOLKTALE
a story originating in popular culture, typically passed on by word of mouth.

G

GENOCIDE
systematic destruction and killing of a racial, political, or cultural group.
GUERRILLA WARFARE
GUMBO

H

HOMOGENOUS
HIP HOP
HULL

I

IDEOLOGY
ILLEGITIMACY
INDENTURED SERVANT
INTERRACIAL
IVORY

J

JIM CROW

K

KAFFIRS
KIDNAP
take (someone) away illegally by force, typically to obtain a ransom. (see ABDUCT)

L

LATIN AMERICA
LITERACY
LYNCH

M

MAAFA
A Kiswahili term meaning 'the great disaster', or 'the great tragedy', which refers to the experiences of Africans through the processes of European colonialism, imperialism and slavery.
MARABOU
MAROON
MONOPOLY
MULATTO

N

NANA
means “Grandmother” in Twi (Akan) language.
NEGRITO
NÉGRIER
NOMAD
NYUMBANI
is a Kiswahili word that means ‘Home’ in English.

O

OVERSEER

P

PIDGIN
PREJUDICE
PROVERB

Q

QUADROON

R

REPUBLIC

S

SAMBO
an English racial slur derived from the Spanish term ZAMBO. Historically, in the United States, the word sambo was thought to refer to the racial intermixing between an enslaved African and a white, European person. See ZAMBO.
SEASONING
SEGREGATION
SELF DETERMINATION
SLAVE NARRATIVE

T

THEFT BY SLAVE
THEFT OF SLAVE

U

UNCLE TOM

V

VOODOO
VOYAGE

W

WEST INDIES
WIGGER

X

XENOPHOBIA

Y

YOKE

Z

ZAMBO
a term used by the Spanish Empire, and occasionally today, to identify individuals in the Americas who are of mixed African and Amerindian ancestry. It is the Spanish form of the Portuguese term CAFUZO and the English term SAMBO.
ZANJ
ZONG


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