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The Great Migration
This article about the African American Great Migration is still being developed but here is some insight on the rate that American Blacks where moving across the United States.

Overview

The African American Great Migration was the expansion of some six million African American to north and western regions of the United States from the American South. The migration occurred in two separate phases, but the whole event generally begun in 1916 and ended in the mid or late 1960s. African Americans left the oppressive American South in hopes to find better conditions in the American North and West.

Cause & Influence

In 1863, the U.S. government emancipated Afrikan American slaves in the South. In 1865, the Confederate States lost the American Civil War and were forced to free their slaves. Following this defeat, southern states begin implementing racially biased laws, called Black Codes. These laws were implemented to reestablish a slave-like economy and to restrict the freedom of the newly emancipated American Negro.

Reaction By Northern Whites

...the shame put upon the country by the mobs, including United States soldiers, sailors, and marines, which have assaulted innocent and unoffending negroes in the national capital. Men in uniform have attacked negroes on the streets and pulled them from streetcars to beat them. Crowds are reported ...to have directed attacks against any passing negro....The effect of such riots in the national capital upon race antagonism will be to increase bitterness and danger of outbreaks elsewhere. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People calls upon you as President and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the nation to make statement condemning mob violence and to enforce such military law as situation demands...
Every week the militant leaders gain more headway. They may be divided into general classes. One consists of radicals and revolutionaries. They are spreading Bolshevist propaganda. It is reported that they are winning many recruits among the colored race. When the ignorance that exists among negroes in many sections of the country is taken into consideration the danger of inflaming them by revolutionary doctrine may [be] apprehended.... The other class of militant leaders confine their agitation to a fight against all forms of color discrimination. They are for a program on uncompromising protest, "to fight and continue to fight for citizenship rights and full democratic privileges."

States Where American Blacks Migrated From

State 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s
# % # % # % # % # % # % # %
# % # % # % # % # % # % # %
State 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s
Alabama 42.5 38.4 35.7 34.7 30 26.2
Georgia 45.1 41.7 36.8 34.7 28.5 25.9
Louisiana 43.1 38.9 36.9 35.9 31.9 29.8
Mississippi 56.2 52.2 50.2 49.2 42 36.8
South Carolina 55.2 51.4 45.6 42.9 34.8 30.5
Texas
Virginia

States Where American Blacks Migrated To

States Cities 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s
States Cities 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s
Arizona Phoenix 328 1,075 2,366 4,263 5,190 20,919 27,896
California Los Angeles 7,599 15,579 38,894 63,774 171,209 334,916 503,606
Oakland 3,055 5,489 7,503 8,462 47,562 83,618 124,710
San Francisco 1,642 2,414 3,803 4,846 43,502 74,383 96,078
Illinois Chicago 44,103 109,458 233,903 277,731 492,265 812,637 1,102,620
Indiana Indianapolis 21,816 34,678 43,967 51,142 63,867 98,049 134,320
Missouri St. Louis 43,960 69,854 93,580 108,765 153,766 214,377 254,191
Michigan Detroit 5,741 40,838 120,066 149,119 300,506 482,223 660,428
New York N.Y.C. 91,709 152,467 327,706 458,444 747,608 1,087,931 1,668,115
Oregon Portland 1,045 1,556 1,559 1,931 9,529 15,637 21,572
Pennsylvania Philadelphia 84,459 134,229 219,599 250,880 376,041 529,240 653,791
Washington Seattle 2,296 2,894 3,303 3,789 15,666 26,901 37,868

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